7 Symptoms You Might Be Pregnant
Could you be pregnant? The only way to make sure you are pregnant is by taking a pregnancy test and hoping for a positive result. But even before you miss a period, you might suspect — or hope — that you're pregnant. Pregnancy symptoms can also vary in their intensity, frequency and duration.
The following early signs and symptoms of pregnancy are only a guideline. Many early pregnancy symptoms can appear similar to routine pre-menstrual discomforts.
1. Tummy problems
Morning sickness, which can strike at any time of the day or night, is one of the classic symptoms of pregnancy. For some women, the queasiness begins as early as two weeks after conception. Nausea seems to stem at least in part from rapidly rising levels of estrogen, which causes the stomach to empty more slowly. Pregnant women also have a heightened sense of smell, so various odors - such as foods cooking, perfume or cigarette smoke - may cause waves of nausea in early pregnancy.
2. Food aversions or cravings
3. Missed period
Perhaps the most obvious early symptom of pregnancy is when you've missed your period. This possible sign of pregnancy is often what causes women to search for more details about other pregnancy symptoms.
Some women might only experience a much lighter period compared to their usual. You might not experience any of the pregnancy signs listed below until around the time you notice you've missed your monthly cycle.
4. Early changes to breasts: Tingling, aching, growing
Breast changes can occur between weeks 4 and 6. You’re likely to develop tender and swollen breasts due to hormone changes. This is likely to go away after a few weeks when your body has adjusted to the hormones.
Nipple and breast changes can also occur around week 11. Hormones continue to cause your breasts to grow. The areola — the area around the nipple — may change to a darker color and grow larger.
5. Frequent urination
You might think frequent urination comes later when the baby presses on your bladder, but an increase in bathroom breaks sometimes starts early. Not only can the swelling uterus put pressure on your bladder, but the extra blood flow to the kidneys also causes them to produce more urine. There's not much to do about it unless the frequent urination is accompanied by burning, urgency or other signs of infection. (If so, notify your doctor.) Do not cut back on your fluid intake.
6. Bloating and constipation
The same hormones responsible for bloating are also behind your potty problems. Because your digestive tract is slowing down now, says Goist, food may not pass through as quickly. This symptom will likely ramp up even more as your pregnancy progresses.
7. High blood pressure and dizziness during early pregnancy
In most cases, high or normal blood pressure will drop in the early stages of pregnancy. This may also cause feelings of dizziness since your blood vessels are dilated.
High blood pressure as a result of pregnancy is more difficult to determine. Almost all cases of hypertension within the first 20 weeks indicate underlying problems. It may develop during early pregnancy, but it may also be present beforehand.
Your doctor will take your blood pressure during your first visit to help establish a baseline for a normal blood pressure reading.